There are a number of learning options available to students which are briefly discussed below.


Delivery type/Study Option




Face-to-face delivery


The traditional classroom or face-to-face instruction is when the instructor and the students of an educational institution are in a place devoted to instruction and the teaching and learning take place at the same time.  

*You can ask questions

*You can discuss issues with fellow students

*There is ample opportunity for social interaction and support

*You have access to on-campus student facilities

*If you cannot keep up with the rest of the class, you will have to schedule extra classes, which could cost you extra money

*Due to time constraints in class, the lecturer cannot answer each and every student's questions

*You will have to carry your textbooks to class every day



Distance learning is a method of studying in which lectures are broadcast or lessons are conducted by correspondence, without the student needing to attend a school or college.

*You can usually set your own pace of study

*It is your decision as to when and where you study

*It doesn't matter where you live – you can gain a qualification from anywhere in the world

*As with a full-time qualification, students may find that they gain useful, transferable skills, such as planning and research

*A distance learning course often costs less than a full-time programme

*Distance learning requires self-motivation

*Distance learning does not give you direct access to your instructor 

*Distance learning is isolated

*Distance learning requires you to have constant, reliable access to technology

*Distance learning does not offer immediate feedback

*Distance learning does not always offer all the necessary courses online

*Distance learning may not be acknowledged by a specific employer 

*There might be hidden costs

*Distance learning must be accredited

*Distance learning does not give students the opportunity to work on oral communication skill



Online learning is education that takes place over the Internet. It is often referred to as “e- learning” among other terms. However, online learning is just one type of “distance learning” - the umbrella term for any learning that takes place across distance and not in a traditional classroom.

*No need to travel, saving both time and money

*Whenever and wherever you like: early morning, while commuting or eating, during work breaks or in the evening. At home, in coffee shops, or on the train. Take a break anytime to give your mind a short rest.

*Online learning usually includes pre-recorded videos

*No need to buy textbooks although some have optional texts

*You can speed up videos during easy parts, and slow them down to understand more difficult concepts.

You can pause videos while writing notes or re-watch them as often as necessary. Many courses also provide transcripts for their videos. If an interactive transcript is provided, you can click on a relevant section of the transcript to watch that part of the video.

If videos or transcripts can be downloaded to your device you will then have unlimited access to them.

*In courses with dynamic discussion forums you can discuss issues with fellow students from all around the world.

*Lack of accreditation and low quality

*Little or no face-to-face interaction

*More work

*Intense requirement for self-discipline

*Even more intense requirement for self-direction



Blended learning is an approach to education that combines online educational materials and opportunities for interaction online with traditional place-based classroom methods. It requires the physical presence of both teacher and student, with some elements of student control over time, place, path, or pace.     

*Round-the-clock access to training resources

*A personalised training experience

*Better communication and collaborative learning

*Track participants’ skill and performance development

*Cost-effective training strategy

*The technology challenge - Infrastructure

*The technology challenge – Mentality

*Pace of advancement

*Negative impact on teachers - Overwork

*Negative impact on students  - Cognitive load

*The plagiarism and credibility problem



Self-studying, which involves studying without direct supervision or attendance in a classroom, is a valuable way to learn, and is quickly growing in popularity among parents and students.

*Choose your own pace, materials, methods; everything is up to you

*Less stressed about failing in front of another person

*You don’t pay the teacher

*Its neither location constrained or time-bound

*Can take place from the comfort of anywhere

*Cheap or free

*You set the pace

*You can do it at any time

*No self-discipline

*No face-to-face interaction

*Lack of flexibility

*Lack of input from trainers

*Slow evolution

*Good e-learning is difficult to do

*Lack of transformational power

*No peripheral benefits